ORIGINAL TITLE Title: 明 木雕彩繪羅漢坐像
PRONUNCIATION: 明 木雕彩繪羅漢坐像
MATERIAL: Wood
TYPE: Figure
DIMENSIONS: Height of this figure is 18 inches (45.7 cm.)
WEIGHT: 19 1/2 lbs
CONDITION: With general wear, including rubbing, flaking and loss to the pigments and applied decoration, the pigments likely refreshed; with a glued break to the neck and a small glued break to one ear; with chips or small breaks to the carved details; lacking the original base.
ITEM ID: 5551
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A Chinese Polychrome Painted Wood Figure of a Luohan

DATE
Notes: Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)

The figure is seated cross-legged atop a rectangular pedestal, dressed in draped, voluminous robes, the hands clasped together at the front hidden in the sleeves, the round face carved with full lips, an aquiline rose and downcast eyes, flanked by a pair of pendulous earlobes, traces of white, red, blue and green pigment.

The Eighteen Arhats (or Luohan) (Chinese: 十八羅漢; pinyin: Shíbā Luóhàn; Wade–Giles: Shih-pa Lo-han) are depicted in Chinese Buddhism as the original followers of Gautama Buddha (arhat) who have followed the Noble Eightfold Path and attained the four stages of enlightenment. They have reached the state of Nirvana and are free of worldly cravings. They are charged to protect the Buddhist faith and to wait on earth for the coming of Maitreya, an enlightened Buddha prophesied to arrive on earth many millennia after Gautama Buddha’s death (parinirvana). In China, the eighteen arhats are also a popular subject in Buddhist art, such as the famous Chinese group of glazed pottery luohans from Yixian from about 1000 CE.