Notes: c. 800 - 1200 AD
The corpulent male figure seated on a circular base with legs raised, the body ballooning out at back, causing the head to tilt slightly forward. He wears a beaded necklace with tassels and a central avian pendant, a wide traditional Tairona nose pendant, lower lip labret, a tasseled headband, and a diminutive pouch bag is slung over his right shoulder. His eyes are closed and his mouth set in a slight smile, as though in trance or meditation. Incised lines delineate the braided headband, facial marks, and other details. Finely crafted from burnished blackware with wide opening at top.
A Cacique (Iberian Spanish: [kaˈθike]; Latin-American Spanish [kaˈsike]; Portuguese: [kɐˈsikɨ, kaˈsiki]; feminine form: cacica) is a leader of an indigenous group, derived from the Taíno word kasikɛ for pre-Columbian tribal chiefs. In the colonial era, Spaniards extended the word as a title for the leaders of practically all indigenous groups that they encountered in the Western Hemisphere. In Spanish America, Brazil, Spain, and Portugal, the term also has come to mean a political boss or leader who exercises significant power in the political system known as caciquismo.