TYPE: Folio/Portfolio
DIMENSIONS: 29 x 18cm
COMPONENTS: Opaque pigments and black ink on paper, 360ff, 19ll. of nasta'liq script in four columns within green and red margins within thin black rules to the page, the opening folio's illuminated and simple headboard (sarlawh) picked in orange and pink, cusped bismillah cartouche below, catchword in black ink to each right folio's lower left corner, two illegible seal impressions to the last page, the opening folio with inscription in black ink reading "Persia... n Ashrar Nizami Shirin Khusraw, Leila Majnun ... and ... Sikandar Nameh written in Kashmir", in dark blue cloth European binding, the lower cover detached, the light brown spine with collection and descriptive labels.
ITEM ID: 5720
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An Illustrated Collection of Persian Epics

DATE
Century: 19th (1801-1900)
Notes: Second half 19th century

An illustrated collection of Persian epics, a volume of a Khamsa of Nizami Kashmir.

This folio manuscript includes at least part of the five poems (khamsa) of Nizami. One of the illuminated pages has the beginning of the first poem (Makhzan al-asrar), and the other illuminated page has the beginning of the fifth poem (Iskandar-nama).

The KHAMSA (“Five Treasures”) is in five long narrative poems about medieval romances, was a popular subject for lavish manuscripts illustrated with painted miniatures at the Persian and Mughal courts.

According to scholar Francois Clement de Blois, “It is indeed at least part of a manuscript of the five poems (khamsa) of Nizami. One of the illuminated pages has the beginning of the first poem (Makhzan al-asrar), and the other illuminated page has the beginning of the fifth poem (Iskandar-nama).”

ARTISTS
Name: Nizami Ganjavi
Type: Author
Artists Dates: c. 1141-1209
Artist Information: A 12th century Muslim poet who is considered the greatest romantic poet in Persian literature. His heritage is still widely appreciated in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kurdistan, and Tajikistan. The Khazma is his best known work.