MATERIAL: Paper
TYPE: Manuscript
DIMENSIONS: 315 by 225 mm
COMPONENTS: Six books in one volume, seemingly complete (one gathering misbound at the end of the volume), 408 leaves plus an additional endleaf at each end, text in four columns, 17 lines of confident black nasta'liq, 6 vibrantly painted head-pieces, painted in yellow orange and red with primitively drawn flowers and arabesque shapes, some leaves with text-blocks ruled in black, catchwords throughout.
CONDITION: A few gatherings and bifolia loose or becoming loose from spine, some scattered ink smudges and stains, some inscriptions to endpapers in a slightly later hand, fine eighteenth-century green Safavid boards with three centrally stamped cartouches, ruled in blind, inner covers with stamped paper decoupage designs using silver, yellow and red paper, extremities chipped with a little loss, covers lightly scuffed.
ITEM ID: 5020
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Collected Anthology of Sufi Poetry by the Famous Poet Rumi

DATE
Year: 1711
Decade: 1710s
Century: 18th (1701-1800)
Notes: Dated 1123 AH (1711 AD)

A collected anthology of Sufi poetry of the famous poet Rumi. Decorated manuscript on paper.

ARTISTS
Name: Molana Jalal-e-Din Mohammad Molavi Rumi
Type: Poet
Born In: 1207 CE
Artist Information: Molana Jalal-e-Din Mohammad Molavi Rumi Jalal-e-Din Mohammad Molavi Rumi was born in 1207 CE at Balkh in the north-eastern provinces of Persia (present day Afghanistan), to a Persian-speaking family. His father Baha al-Din was a renowned religious scholar. Under his patronage, Rumi received his early education from Syed Burhan-al-Din. When his age was about 18 years, to avoid the Mongol invasions, the family moved westward through Iran, Iraq, and Syria, meeting famous writers and mystics, such as the revered poet Attar, who authored the finest spiritual parable in the Persian language, "The Concourse of the Birds." The family's flight ended in 1226 in the Anatolian city of Qonya—capital of the Seljuk Turkish sultanate of Rum, from which the poet's name derives. Rumi settled, taught, and composed here until his death in 1273. Although Konya's sultans were forced to pay tribute to the Mongols in 1243, the city remained a safe haven for Islamic culture, gathering outstanding minds from far horizons in a tormented age. Rumi was sent to Aleppo (present day Syria) for advanced education and later to Damascus. He continued with his education till he was 40 years old, although on his father's death Rumi succeeded him as a professor in the famous Madrasah at Konya at the age of about 24 years. He received his mystical training first at the hands of Syed Burhan al-Din and later he was trained by Shams-e Tabrizi. He became famous for his mystical insight, his religious knowledge and as a Persian poet. Rumi taught a large number of pupils at his Madrasah and also himself founded the Molavi Order of Dervishes in Tasawwof (Sufism) and instituted the ecstatic dance ritual for which the "whirling dervishes" are known to this day. He died in 1273 CE at Konya (present day Turkey), which subsequently became a sacred place for dancing dervishes of the Molavi Order. His major contribution lies in Islamic philosophy and Tasawwof (Sufism). This was embodied largely in poetry, especially through his famous Masnavi. This book, the largest mystical exposition in verse, discusses and offers solutions to many complicated problems in metaphysics, religion, ethics, mysticism, etc. Fundamentally, the Masnavi highlights the various hidden aspects of Sufism and their relationship with the worldly life. For this, Rumi draws on a variety of subjects and derives numerous examples from everyday life. His main subject is the relationship between man and God on the one hand, and between man and man, on the other. He apparently believed in Pantheism and portrayed the various stages of man's evolution in his journey towards the Ultimate. Apart from the Masnavi, he also wrote his Divan (collection of poems) and Fihe-Ma-Fih (a collection of mystical sayings). However, it is the Masnavi itself that has largely transmitted Rumi's message. Soon after its completion, other scholars started writing detailed commentaries on it, in order to interpret its rich propositions on Tasawwof (Sufism), Metaphysics and Ethics. Several commentaries in different languages have been written since then. His impact on philosophy, literature, mysticism and culture, has been so deep throughout Central Asia and most Islamic countries that almost all religious scholars, mystics, philosophers, sociologists and others have referred to his verses during all these centuries, since his death. Most difficult problems in these areas seem to get simplified in the light of his references. His message seems to have inspired most of the intellectuals in Central Asia and adjoining areas since his time, and scholars like Alama Iqbal Lahori have further developed Rumi's concepts. The Masnavi became known as the interpretation of the Quran in the Pahlavi language. He is one of the few intellectuals and mystics whose views have so profoundly affected the world-view in its higher perspective in large parts of the Islamic World.