Cuban “Bando” Poster on War with England
A Bando manuscript dated 1781 – it may have been the original. There are many errors of orthography, which makes this copy somewhat strange. It mentions that in order to pay for the high costs of the war against England (“forced upon us by the continuos insults of the English Nation”) all free men should contribute one peso, and Spaniards should give two pesos. It goes on by describing the urgency to help LA Habana, and defend the ports and ships, and it sets a timing for the payment of the contributions and who should collect from whom, in detail. Bandos were notices to the public, meant to be hung on public places for everybody to read. Typically, one person read while many otehrs would listen, since few could read. Bandos included new taxes, war, decrees (such as the expulsion of the jesuits), etc. Since every town had to display them, there were many printed.