TYPE: Manuscript
COMPONENTS: 25 sheets, various sizes. Manuscript in black ink. Includes many signatures.
CONDITION: Very good condition.
Foreign Language Inscription: “Documentos que acreditan veinte partidas del cargo respectivo a la cuenta producida por el tesoro del Hospicio de Pobres, Don Domingo Ignacio de Lardizabal, correspondiente al año de 1808”
Inscription Translation: "Documents that accredit twenty items of the respective charge to the account produced by the treasury of the Hospice of the Poor, Don Domingo Ignacio de Lardizabal, corresponding to the year 1808"
ITEM ID: 4376

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Document Describing Income of the Poor’s Hospice of the City of Mexico

Year: 1808
Decade: 1800s
Century: 19th (1801-1900)

About the document:
The document describes and details the multiple sources of income of the Poor´s Hospice of the City of Mexico. It includes charity, mainly given by the Conde de Regla, son of the famous Pedro Romero de Terreros the first Count of Regla – one of the most wealthy nobleman of the colony; a business were the hospice rented poor people to attend funerals, so it seemed more crowded – this source of money represented a big part of the income of the hospice; people from the Hospice that worked in the Tobaco factory and had to give part of their wage.

About the Colonial Poor´s Hospice of the City of Mexico:
“The hospice of the poor was built from charitable wills, in a common effort to remove the beggars from the streets. It was the eighteenth century in Mexico City: a metropolis that at that time had the streets upholstered by people stretching out their hands, begging for money. When the Hospice was open, the authorities forbid to ask alms in the streets. After all, that was the purpose: to no longer make begging a way of life.

The methods for choosing who stayed in the hospice and who didn´t, went beyond the prohibition of asking for charity in the streets: they depended on the judgment of those who directed the institution. If the latter considered that the people did not have a life by itself and that therefore was depending or will have to depend of alms in the future, was interned without his consent.

During the first two decades of the opening of the hospice, which began in 1774, the purpose was to help the poor and prevent them from asking for alms. The institution survived of taxes, charities, the National Lottery and any other mean that the hospice could device. From the beginning it had financial problems and was handled in red numbers. The worst times came when there wasn´t funds to pay the employees: a common situation, which used to last for months. Even so, the hospice of the poor survived with a population that grew or diminished periodically “-(Morales Rodríguez, Julio Silvia Arrom, To contain the people: the Hospice of the Poor of the city of Mexico, 1774-1871, Mexico, Center of investigation and Higher Studies in Social Anthropology, 2010).

With many signatures by:
Juan Francisco de Azcarate: was a colonial lawyer, councilor of the City of Mexico, and promoter of the creation of the Junta de Gobierno during the political crisis of 1808. Once consolidated the Independence of Mexico, he held various positions in the governments of the new nation, particularly in the First Mexican Empire.

José María Fagoaga: was one of the notables who signed the act of Independence of Mexico. Fought for the independence of Mexico during the war against Spain. He was part of the Provisional Governing Board, and was one of the founders of Freemasonry in Mexico. He was accused and jailed by Agustin de Iturbide, accused of conspiracy.