MATERIAL: Hand-Written/Painted
TYPE: Manuscript
COMPONENTS: 332 pages; 17 parts
NOTES: This is an interesting historical manuscript.
ITEM ID: 483
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Founding of San Miguel de Oruro in Bolivia

DATE
Year: 1606
Decade: 1600s
Century: 17th (1601-1700)

Spanish Colonial Manuscript from San Miguel de Oruro from between 1606-1610.This manuscript describes the squatter settlement of Spanish people in the mines and related Indian areas of Oruro. It also includes the autos for the foundation of the City, as well as over 100 references to laws regarding the local Indians. There are three to four different writers. Oruro is a city in Bolivia with a population of over 420,660 (2009), located about equidistant between La Paz and Sucre at approximately 3710 meters above sea level. It is the capital of the department of Oruro. The city was first founded on November 1st, 1606 by Don Manuel Castro de Padilla. as a silver mining center in the Urus region. At the time, it was named Real Villa de Don Felipe de Austria after the Spanishmonarch, Philip III. It was eventually abandoned as the silver mines became exhausted. Oruro was reestablished in the late nineteenth century, as a tin mining center. For a time, the La Salvadora tin mine was the most important source of tin in the world. Gradually, this resource was also exhausted, and Oruro again went into a decline. The city does manage, however, to attract tourists to its carnival, the Carnaval de Oruro, considered one of the great folkloric events in South America for its masked “devil dances.”Contents are as follows:P 24. Indian Mineral recovery. P 27. Indian security in mines, mentions that lots of Indian dyed in the mines, advice of security. P 29 Back.How the Indians have to work with toolbars “barretas”. 31.Tax that the Mingas Indians must pay. “Minga” in quechua is a renting worker. Punishment to Indians who are “dos personas”, two persons, means who collect payment as two workers. 38. Benefit of Minerals. 39. Don Alfonso Leon title of Lieutenant of the Paria Province. 41. Landlord title of watcher of mineral plates of hills of the town of San Felipe of Austria (Oruro). 47.Acknolegment of Simon de Segurola. 47 B. Title of ownership. 48.Indian auto to distribute goods or payments. 49.Auto for the Visit of Vicerroy Aguila. 50.Auto, Punishment. 50.Castro de Padilla founder of the City. 56.There shouldn’t be foundry in the City. 58.Laws for “Chasquies” (“Chasquies” was the Indian Mail, runners taking and bringing information from town to town. 59.Metals and testers. 59B. Dismiss Indians so that they do not return to their land. 60.Don’t use swords for rejecting fights. 61.Indians should not learn Spanish. There shouldn’t be vagrant Indians. 62.Payment to the “Mingas” Indians. Rented Indian who were not forced to work in a famous low called Mita, created by the Spanish people. 65.Auto for Citizens. 67B.Auto for not building houses in the Hills (Mines) 68B.Cancelling auto. 69B.Indian payment accordingly with the mineral they take out from the mines. 72.Fulfillment of Indians in their work. 73.Labor of Indians on Monday. 74.Indian sign in-contract. 75-78. Dozens of laws. 79.Assistance to wounded Indians in Mines. 80-92 Dozens of names of Authority Appointment. 93-102 Dozens of laws including Castro de Padilla laws.