TYPE: Manuscript
DIMENSIONS: 310 by 180mm.
COMPONENTS: Volume I only, 565 leaves (plus one endleaf), single column, 17 lines in striking black nasta'liq, key words and phrases in red, single polychrome and gold illuminated head-piece opening the text.
CONDITION: A few leaves misbound and later pagination incorrect in places, but apparently complete. Fol. 2 loose, a few small spots, worming throughout (mostly affecting margins), printed label pasted to upper pastedown, , later morocco-backed boards, extremities rubbed .
NOTES: From the Mohamed Makiya collection, their ‘105/200’.
ITEM ID: 4258
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Illuminated Manuscript on Paper

Century: 18th (1701-1800)
Notes: Dated to the 28th year of the reign of Muhammad Shah (1747 AD.)

Muhammad Qasim Hindu Shah Astarabadi, known as Firishta, Tarikh-i Firishta, signed by Aref Shah Nuri Hosein Shahi.

Firishta (1520-1620) was born in Astarabad, Northern Iran, and moved to Ahmandgar in India where he studied alongside Prince Miran Husain Nizam Shah whom his father tutored. Their friendship saw Fihrista climb the social ranks rapidly and become captain of the guards in 1587. A few years later he moved Bijapur, where ruler Ibrahim Shah II recognised his scholarly abilities and implored Firishta to compile a history of India with emphasis on the history of Deccan dynasties, as no work thus far had given equal treatment to all regions of the subcontinent. The product of that was the Tarikh-i Firishta , also known as Gulshan-i Ibrahim , a monumental twelve-part history of India that was dedicated and handed to Ibrahim Shah II in 1606. The present volume is the first book of this historical anthology, dealing primarily with the Kings of Ghazni and Lahore.