MATERIAL: Paper
DIMENSIONS: 30.5 x 12.5 cm
COMPONENTS: Gouache and gold on paper, 105 folios (complete), Jain Prakrit in black Devanagari script, 15 lines to the page, keywords and verse markerss in red ink, 2 illustrations on opening folios,
ITEM ID: 3541
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Illustrated Jain Scientific Classic

DATE
Decade: 1510s
Century: 16th (1501-1600)
Notes: Samvat 1570/1513-14 CE

Illustrated Jain Scientific Classic (Jivabhigamasutra). The Suryaprajnaptisutra, an astronomical work dating to the third or fourth century BCE, constitutes one of the classics of the Jain Svetambara sect and gives information on the sun, moon and planets and their motions. As is the case in this manuscript, copies of the work generally only included two illustrations on the opening pages, one of Mahavira – the last and most celebrated of the Jinas – teaching to all creatures, and the other of his greatest disciple, Gotama. The deep blue of the background and lavish use of gold indicated a date at the beginning of the sixteenth century. The prosperity of the Jain community in this period is reflected in the expensive materials, especially gold and lapiz lazuli, that were used in creating luxury manuscripts such as this one.