Original Title: México: Tribunal Metropolitano de Fee de los Indios y Chinos
Pronunciation: México: Tribunal Metropolitano de Fee de los Indios y Chinos
TYPE: Documents (Loose)
COMPONENTS: 4p., 1 blank sheet
CONDITION: Stain in the upper right margin, not affecting text. Very good condition
priceInfo: 6/17/16
ITEM ID: 3670

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Inquisition Decree Against the Idolatry Sins of the Indians.

PRONUNCIATION: México: Tribunal Metropolitano de Fee de los Indios y Chinos
Year: 1779
Notes: 11 de febrero, 1779 February 11, 1779

Mexican InquisitionEdict by the Inquisitor of the Indians of the New Spain, Joachin Barrientos, which contains a strong attack and prohibitions against the traditions, sins, idolatry or any other behavior of the Indians that contravenes the Tribunal of Faith. Signed by  Manuel Joachin Barrientos “Vicario General e Inquisidor de los Indios y Chinos” and by the public notary Pedro Alcántara in the last page.Manuel Joachin Barrientos; Francisco Antonio  Lorenzana.El Inquisidor Barrientos bien plantea el objetivo del edicto desde el primer párrafo del documento: “…teniendo presente que con los pecados contra nuestra Santa Fe católica se ofende gravemente a Dios, mandó que la idolatría se consumiese a sangre y fuego, diciendo a los fieles de su pueblo: destruid los ídolos, echadlos por tierra, quemad, consumid y acabad todos los lugares donde estuvieren; aniquilad los sitios, montes y peñascos en los que pusieren; cubrid y cerrad a piedra y lodo las cuevas en las que se ocultaron, para que no os ocurra al pensamiento su memoria; no hagáis sacrificios al demonio ni pidáis consejo a los magos, encantadores, hechiceros, brujos, melíficos ni adivinos; no tendríais trato ni amistad con ellos, no los ocultéis, sino descubridlos y acusadlos aunque sean nuestros padres, madres, hijos, hermanos, maridos o mujeres propias.” The inquisitioner  Barrientos states the objective of edict from the first paragraph of the document: “… bearing in mind that the sins against our Holy Catholic Faith gravely offends God, he commanded that the idolatry is consumed by fire and sword, telling the faithful of his people: Destroy the idols, throw them away, burn and consume and finish wherever they are; Annihilate the sites, mountains and crags in which they are; shut by stone and mud the caves where they are hidden, to avoid even thinking of them; do not make sacrifices to the devil or ask advice from the enchanters, magicians, sorcerers, soothsayers; you won’t have treatment or friendship with them, do not hide it, instead reveal and accuse them, even if they are our fathers, mothers, sons, brothers,husbands or women themselves. “The first step that Barrientos takes is the express recognition of the existence of Satan and evil, and then recognizes that the Crown and the Church have maintained a constant struggle to banish it. Later it recognizes that in some parts of the Archbishopric of the New Spain the Indians practice acts contrary to the Catholic faith; so he enunciates a long list of these behaviors: “el uso del peyote, la creencia en el llanto del tecolote, las ofrendas en cuevas y cerros, la utilización de calendarios y las prácticas curativas con intervención de elementos mágicos, bailes supersticiosos, Nescuitiles, adivinación, celebrar pactos con el Demonio,  adoraciones y ofrendas a los elementos o animales, etc. “(the use of peyote, belief in the cry of owls, offerings in caves and hills, the use of calendars and healing practices with the intervention of magical elements, superstitious dances, Nescuitiles, divination, celebrate pacts with the Devil, worship or offerings  to the animal elements, etc. “Furthermore, the document states that anyone who is aware of any Indians that undertake the described practices in the decree, has the duty to inform the episcopal authorities, or otherwise would incur in serious misconduct. Imposes  the penalty of one month in jail, 25 lashes or the punishment deemed appropriate (that could be even torture or death) to the Indians who engage in prohibited conducts; while excommunication who any non-Indian that doesn’t denounce these acts.Cualquiera que tuviera conocimiento de que los indios realizaran las prácticas descritas en el edicto, sentencia Barrientos, tenía a obligación de informar a las autoridades episcopales, pues de otra forma incurriría en una falta grave.  Declara pena de un mes de cárcel, 25 azotes o la pena que consideren adecuada a los indios que incurran en comportamientos prohibidos; en tanto se da la excomunión a quien no fuese indio y no denuncie dichos actos. According to the historian Gerardo Lara Cisneros, there are only 4 documents of the Mexican colonial era that were published in the form of edicts against the sin of idolatry made by the ecclesiastical authorities; the current one is the 3rd one and the most famous and extensive: “The most famous edict to banish the idolatry of the Indians. This document is a veritable catalog of what the Spanish of that time considered superstitious behaviors and practices of the Indians, is the most elaborate edict of its kind ”  (Lara Cisneros, Gerardo Superstición e idolatría en el Provisorato de Indios y Chinos del Arzobispado de México, siglo XVIII. México: UNAM, 2011). This is an incredible inquisition document against the forbidden behaviors of the Indians, who is said are engaged in idolatry conducts. I made an extensive research on this one, it is amazing. It describes a long list of these behaviors that it is just insane (it includes the intake of drugs as peyote, which was a common practice among Aztec priests). It is even signed by the General Indian and Chinese Inquisitor, Joachin Barrientos! It has been a while since I got something like this in my hands.