MATERIAL: Hand-Written/Painted
TYPE: Manuscript
DIMENSIONS: 5 1/3 X 15 1/3 in. (closed)
COMPONENTS: 2 volumes bound as one; 88 pages of names and seals; original covers, contents complete
CONDITION: wormage, generally fair shape for this type of early Japanese religious artifact.
ITEM ID: 3493
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Japanese Christian Persecution Pledges

DATE
Year: 1859
Decade: 1850s
Century: 19th (1801-1900)
Notes: Ansei 6

Japanese hand-written manuscript set of Christian Persecution Pledges (Kirishitan Kamon), with names and seals of families from the Nagano region of Japan. The families signed their names and pledged to turn in any Christians they found for persecution by the Shogun. Christianity was outlawed in Japan during the Edo Period and early part of the Meiji Period, with the punishment of death. Many Japanese Christians hid their belief and were known as Kakure Kirishitan or “Hidden Christians.