Original Title: KOKU GUNKAN NO SHUCHO GYORETSU, (Protection from Foreign Ships)
Pronunciation: KOKU GUNKAN NO SHUCHO GYORETSU, (Protection from Foreign Ships)
MATERIAL: Hand-Written/Painted
TYPE: Manuscript
DIMENSIONS: Manuscript measures 4 1/2 X 6 inches (closed)
COMPONENTS: 33 pages, manuscript writing
priceInfo: 6/24/16
ITEM ID: 3678

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Japanese Hand-Written Manuscript Report

PRONUNCIATION: KOKU GUNKAN NO SHUCHO GYORETSU, (Protection from Foreign Ships)
DATE
Year: 1863
Decade: 1860s
Century: 19th (1801-1900)
Notes: Dated Bunkyu 3 = 1863

The Shogun and feudal lords around Shinagawa and Edo were afraid of an attack by foreign warships in the wake of the naval engagement between foreign ships and the Choshu Navy as part of the Shimonoseki Campaign. During the campaign the United States, England, France, and Holland sent warships into the Straits of Shimonoseki to attack the naval vessels under the control of the Lord of Choshu.The Choshu Samurai had taken up the position of SONNO JOI = “Expel the Barbarians,” and wanted all foreigners removed from Japan. The Choshu Clan, under Lord Mori Takachiba, ordered his Samurai to fire upon any foreign ships entering the Straits of Shimonoseki. The first attack was against the US merchant steamer SS Pembroke. Following the attack, President Lincoln ordered the US Frigate USS Wyoming into the Straits to attack the Choshu Samurai navy. Later, French and British warships were sent into the area to protect their merchant ships.