TYPE: Certificate
DIMENSIONS: 15.24 x 10.16 cm (6 x 4 inches) closed and 38.1 x 27.30 cm ( 15 x 10.75 inches) opened
ITEM ID: 5685
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Jewish Terms of Engagement Certificate

DATE
Year: 1949
Decade: 1940s
Century: 20th (1901-2000)

Scholar Paul Franks noted, “Standard text of Tenaim: pre-nuptial conditions. Between Yisrael Rochelsman and Liba Wechsler, each represented by their father. Signed and witnessed, although the amount of the dowry and the date of the wedding are left blank.”

Scholar Avi Gold commented, “The word here is תנאים (tna’im), which refers to the terms of engagement, rather than to the marriage certificate. The text in Hebrew is a text of Tna’im, rather than the text of the Ketubah! I’m guessing that whoever filled in the date simply looked at a calendar, saw that April 30th was the 1st of Iyyar, and wrote down the 1st of Iyyar, overlooking that it was most likely signed Saturday night, and so the date should have been the 2nd of Iyyar. It’s impossible to tell from the document when the wedding date was.”

“This item is a fascinating one. The traditional Ketubah is generally written in Aramaic. This Ketubah, however, is written in Hebrew, and the text differs considerably from the traditional phrasing. This is clearly written from a modernist perspective, though I don’t know which particular group affiliation it might have. There is indeed a date in handwriting on the document. It says the 1st of the month of Iyyar in what appears to be the year 5709. Now, the 1st of Iyyar in 5709 matches the date of Saturday, April 30th, 1949. It would be unusual for a Ketubah to be signed on Shabbat itself. However, after sunset on April 30th, 1949, the Jewish date would have been the 2nd of Iyyar, rather than the 1st. Perhaps that is what was meant. I do not know. In any case, thanks for sharing. Very interesting find!”