MATERIAL: Copper Plate
DIMENSIONS: 9 7/8 X 13 1/4 in. (25 x 33.5 cm)
COMPONENTS: Written in 14 lines of inscribed script within the riveted border and with an emblem of goddess figure inscribed within a frame.
REFERENCE EXTERNAL LINKS: For related example in the Chennai Museum see

ITEM ID: 4277

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Land Grant of Chandella King Viravatman

Year: 1274
Decade: 1270's
Century: 13th (1201-1300)
Notes: Dated Samvat 1331 (1274 CE)

The present lot is a historic grant of the village of Ratha in the district of Veneraunya Negana, son of Camda-Cihute, belonging to the Naga family, with all its sources of income, plam-trees, sugar-cane, hemp, mango, and other trees.

“Success! Victorious is the race of the Chandratreya kings, which causes joy to all, is resplendent like the moon that gladdens the universe (and) is borne on the head by the ruler of the universe (or borne on the head by Śiva).
In this flourishing (race) lustrous because of the appearance (in it) of warriors like Jayaśakti and Vijayaśakti and so forth, derived splendour from the defeat of (their) adversaries, the most worshipful, the supreme king of the great kings, the great lord, the devout worshipper of Maheśvara, the ruler of Kālañjara, the illustrious Vīravarmmadeva, who mediated at the feet of the most worshipful, the illustrious Trailokyavarmmadeva, who mediated at the feet of the most worshipful, the illustrious Paramarddideva, who mediated at the feet of the most worshipful, the illustrious Madavnavarmmadeva, is victorious.
He indeed, who has distressed the whole host of his enemies by his power, which is indeed difficult to endure, who is keeping the earth like a noble wife, free from trouble, (and) whose intellect is rendered spotless by his perfect discernment, he addresses and commands the Brahmins and others, respected ones, the cultivators, scribes, messengers, lower persons up to caņdālas assembled in the village of Rāţha, situated in the district of Veneraunya that (the above village) with its waters and dry land, with what is stationary and what is moveable, with its boundary marked, with what is underground and above, with every kind of income, past, future and present, where the entry of the royal guards has been forbidden by us.

On Wednesday, the fourteenth day of the bright half of the month of Mārgaśīrşa (i.e. November- December) in the year 1331 (= 1274 CE) at the residence of Kāliñjali (i.e. Kāliñjara) this village is being donated by a charter in favour of Negaņa, son of Camda-Cihuţe, grandson of Camda-Āhūņa, belonging to the Nāga family.

Considering this, being ready to obey our commands, they should make over to him every (kind of income), the share of the produce and so forth. This is his village with all its palm-trees, sugar-cane, hemp, mango, madhūka, and other trees. Let there be bliss always.”

John Siudmak, London 2001