ORIGINAL TITLE Title: “A vos el Br. Don Miguel Hidalgo, y Costilla, Cura de la Congregación de los Dolores en el Obispado de Michoacán, titulado Capitán General del Exército de los Insurgentes”
TYPE: Documents (Loose)
DIMENSIONS: 30 cm x 42 cm.
CONDITION: Some damage in the borders. Stained. Rubricated by the three Mexican Inquisitors (Dr. D. Bernardo de Prado y Obejero; Lic. D. Isidoro Sains de Alfero y Beaumont). Seal of the inquisition in the lower left section. Good condition.
NOTES: Only four copies in Institutions (OCLC). No auction sales record in the US. Probably one of the most important Mexican documents; certainly one of the most bold Mexican inquisition decrees. The document goes much further than excommunication, it condemns and attacks Hidalgo´s supporters: the insurgents.

The document is quite clear that anyone that supports Hidalgo´s insurgency is also an heretic: "And we declare in the crime of "fautoria" (supporting a heretic, thus being heretics themselves) and in the aforesaid penalties to all persons without exception that approve your sedition, receive your proclamations, Have contact with you, and epistolary correspondence, and present you with any kind of help or favor and those who do not denounce, and do not force to denounce, those who favor your revolutionary ideas ... "

The document even goes far enough to compare Hidalgo with Martin Luther.

A lot has been written and said about this precise broadband. Some historians claim that this broadband, released only 17 days after the Grito de Dolores (taken as the formal beginning of the Independence), is what shaped and fueled the Insurgency. Hidalgo tried to impugn the accusations of the Inquisition, but he well knew that once this document was out that he and the insurgents were at the point of no return. In fact, his death penalty was even based on this broadband.

The curious part regarding this document is that it has never stopped to be polemic here in Mexico. Six years ago in the celebrations of the Bicentenary of the Independence, the Church denied that they had ever excommunicated Father Hidalgo. You can imagine that excommunicating Hidalgo (The father of the Mexican Independence!!) is not a popular act now days. It all started with a motion of the Senate to ask the Vatican to quit the charges against Father Hidalgo and Morelos, who died as heretics and excommunicated.

The Mexican Church swiftly intervened and convinced the Senate that the motion wasn’t necessary because they weren’t even excommunicated in the first place (!). Of course, this being Mexico, the Church made the Senate stop the motion and even convinced them that the fathers of the Independence movement were always supported by the church and that they were buried as Catholics by them.

They didn’t stopped there, they tried to influence the SEP (The Education Ministry) to change the history books so they included their version. Among all that mess, some academics got copies of this precise broadband and published it in various newspapers. This was of course an indisputable proof.

Afterwards the Church quit pressing on the matter and so did the Senate. This is a clear example of the importance of keeping historical documents; otherwise anyone could try to establish their own version of history.
REFERENCE EXTERNAL LINKS: Hidalgo: Rogue Priest, Mexico’s George Washington By Jim Bryant

ITEM ID: 3967

Post a comment

Mexican Inquisition Decree: Excommunication of Father Hidalgo

Year: 1810
Decade: 1810s
Century: 19th (1801-1900)
Notes: October 13,1810

The document cites the crime of having formed an army of insurgents. Edict of the Tribunal of the Mexican Inquisition, in which Miguel Hidalgo was summoned to appear at the court to face the charges; it condemns Hidalgo as a seditionary, apostate, and heretic, grounds by which he is excommunicated. The document also excommunicated all the pro- independence Mexican insurgents (“El Clero de México y la Guerra de Independencia”, en Genaro García. Documentos Inéditos o muy raros para la historia de México.” Biblioteca Porrúa No. 60. Editorial Porrúa. México, 2004. Páginas 399-401).

In “El Bando que incriminó al Cura Dolores” the historian Guadalupe Jiménez Codinach points out that: In this document the Inquisitors accuse Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla of heresy and apostasy against the Catholic faith. The text is plagued with adjectives and accusations without foundation; They tell Hidalgo that he is “… a seditious man, schismatic and a formal heretic. “The broadband was placed on the same day it was printed, October 13th of 1810, in the Metropolitan Cathedral, with a penalty of excommunication and fine for anyone who might dare to remove it (“No one should take it away, punishment of major excommunication”). Some of the imputations to Hidalgo are as farfetched as those that indicate that it denies the perpetual virginity of Mary.

The tone used by the Inquisitors was harsh, and according to Héctor Palhares Meza, curator of the department of research at CONDUMEX, it marks in some way the beginning of the formal war of Independence (the point of no return for Father Hidalgo), and adds that it is undoubtedly “one of the most relevant documents of this Period (Independence of Mexico) .”

Collector's Favorites

An eclectic assemblage of objects coving a wide range of human history.

Colonialism / Diaspora

This collection features objects related to human colonization and displacement.


Rare and beautiful objects related to spirituality.