TYPE: Manuscript
DIMENSIONS: 34 cm.
COMPONENTS: Approx. 240 pages. Full leather binding, decorated with ornamental devices and with a metal lock. Title page with illustrations. Every page with official seals. Many blank pages at the end.
priceInfo: 1/15/16
Foreign Language Inscription: Libro de Acuerdo de la Real Audencia y Sala del Crímen. A cargo de los señores Alcaldes de Corte de Ella: Joseph Mesia de la Cerda y Bargaz, Antonio Roxas y Abreu...
ITEM ID: 3526
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Mexican Manuscript of Criminal Cases

DATE
Century: 19th (1801-1900)
Notes: 1757 (20th October) – 1819 (21th June)

A historical Mexican manuscript with a decorative metal work binding. Long running journal that goes from the XVIII century until the last years of the New Spain, passing through the Independence era (though the logs from 1811-1815).

Composed by the numerous sentences by the judges of the “Real Audiencia y Sala del Crímen”, regarding cases criminal cases, mostly homicides. The manuscript contains the sentences of the four main criminal judges of the Real Audiencia (the highest tribunal of the Spanish crown in the Kingdom of New Spain) across two centuries, dealing with violent crimes and responding with gruesome sentences: lashes, torture, mutilations, etc.  It even has some logs related to the Independence of Mexico from Spain.

The Real Audiencia was the highest tribunal of the Spanish crown in the Kingdom of New Spain, it was composed by eight judges of civil cases [oidores]; four judges of criminal cases [alcaldes del crimen]; and two crown attorneys [fiscales], one civil and the other criminal; a bailiff [alguacil mayor]; a lieutenant of the Gran Chancellor; and the other necessary ministers and officials.

Some examples:

Homicides:
The first entry is a death sentence with torture, for the crime of murder.

The second entry, in a case of murder the judges asks for a re-examination of the witnesses.

The third entry, a case of murder of a man that killed his brother in law with a gunshot to the head: “ejecuto alevosamente a Jose Vergara… en su cuñado con una arma de fuego dandole un balazo en la cabeza…”. Sentenced to death.

5th entry, the sentence of the judge requires that the subject be tortured in order for the prosecutors to obtain the information that they require: “En la causa seguida… pide dictamen que puesto a cuestión de tormentos especifique los particulares que los fiscales requieren.”

Entry of February of 1758: a man that killed his wife is sentenced to 3 years in the jail of the Morro in La Habana. The sentence was of only 3 years because, according to the judge, the wife mistrated him (“por los malos tratos que le daba”).

Mexican Independence era:
Entry of 6 june 1815 , a man sentenced to death awaiting execution recives a Royal Pardon; the judges discussed if they should carry on with the execution, since all is ready for it, or just consider the Royal Pardon.

Entry of 23 august 1815, The judges discuss the sentence of a man that killed a woman who was sentenced to death, they consider if they should cut his hand or send him to a prison in Africa.

Entry of 26 of august of 1815, Jose Maria Fagoaga is sent to Spain for a trial for the crime of aiding the Insurgents.

Theft:
Entry of April 24 1758, Lazaro Garcia “El Coyote” and his partner are sentenced the first one to death and the second one to forced labor and 200 lashes for the crime of burglary.Slaves:

Entry of March 23 of 1759, the judges sentences various black slaves for revolting.