MATERIAL: Hand-Written/Painted
TYPE: Book
DIMENSIONS: 31 cm.
COMPONENTS: Green velvet covers. Hand painted ornamental borders on title page; [2] Two fully illuminated sheets of coats of arms with elaborate use of gold leaf, on vellum; Introduction page with hand colored ornamental borders and letters, with official seals in the upper left corner + [42] leaves. Each page with gilded frame. In total, 33 hand painted in color decorative capitulars and subtitles. Color drawings of birds and fruit basket in the last two pages. Manuscript.
CONDITION: Extremely well preserved, virtually no defects. In very good condition. A remarkably fresh, well preserved copy.
NOTES: The Mexican nobility patents are especially rare compared to the ones made in Spain.  
ITEM ID: 2800
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Mexican Patent of Nobility

DATE
Year: 1705
Decade: 1700s
Century: 18th (1701-1800)
Notes: April, 1705

Mexican hand written and painted patent of nobility (Carta ejecutoria de hidalguía) for the Calaveria Family with unusually rich illumination and neat, careful writing.

“Testimonio de la Legitimidad y Limpieza, Calidad, y Meritos de notoria hidalguia de Don Juan Antonio, y Don Sebastian Antonio Claveria Villa Reales, como hijos legitimos de Don Juan de Claveria Villa Reales; y de Doña Constanza de los Rios, y Solorzano, Verificada con la información en el contenida, y comprobada con las Fees de bautismos, y cassamientos de sus Padres y abuelos paternos y maternos, aquí Insertos.”

This is from a very important Mexican family, there is a whole neighborhood here in Mexico City that bears its name, where the family ranch used to be. Hernan Cortes originally gave the land to his soldiers as a prize. However the “Hacienda de San Antonio Claveria,” itself existed since the XVI century.

The two full-page illuminations in this manuscript are of unusually high quality, as well as the capitular and ornamental decorations. This kind of document, relating to noble status, was customarily decorated with fine illumination and beautifully executed adornments since it spelled out the owner’s rights and privileges, origins, family and nobility.

The Claveria family: Juan Antonio Clavería Villarreales, was a merchant and member of the “Real de Minas de Pachuca.” His estate occupied good part of the neighborhoods of Azcapozalco and Tacuba. The Clavería ranch would be later be bought by the Bustamante family in the XIX century.