TYPE: Documents (Loose)
DIMENSIONS: 32 cm (12.5”)
COMPONENTS: Full-leather binding with gilded devices; 88 sheets + 5 full-page hand painted coat of arms; Drawings with protective silk sheet.
CONDITION: Some wear; Some in-text drawings and decorations. Foxing on the first 3 sheets, otherwise very clean content. Very good condition.
ITEM ID: 2825
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Nobility Patent for Descendent of Emperor Moctezuma

DATE
Year: 1734
Decade: 1730s
Century: 18th (1701-1800)

Nobility Patent of a Descendent of Aztec Emperor Moctezuma “Genealogía de las Casas y apellidos de Castillo, Blanca, Villeda y Pocasangre. Pertenecientes a Don Miguel del Castillo, Blanca y Poca Sangre. The first part is devoted to the Names of Castillo, Blanca, Villeda y Pocasangre; each with a genealogical profile, accompanied with some allegorical features. In the name “Castillo” and ample reference of the conqueror Bernal Díaz del Castillo is made:“Y los Castillos de estos Reynos, que descienden del capitán Bernal Díaz del Castillo uno de los primeros descubridores, conquistadores y pobladores de Esta Nueva España y Reyno de Guatemala, y el mismo autor y escritor de la conquista…”(The “Castillos” of this kingdom, that descended from the captain Bernal Díaz del Castillo, one of the first discoverers, conquerors and inhabitants of this New Spain and Kingdom of Guatemala, and author and writer of the Conquista”Illustrated Coat of Arms of: Castillo, Blanca and Villeda.

The second part is the testimony of the “Pureza de Sangre”, composed by the following:1) “Testimono a la letra de la Información de legitimidad y limpieza de Don Miguel del Castillo, con dos privilegios de armas”From the 3rd page is stated the mix of Royal Aztec and Spanish lineage:“…Don Pedro del Castillo, mi abuelo, fue descendiente directo por línea recta de los Caciques y principales del pueblo de Azcapozcalco y por parte materna seria descendiente de españoles…”(Don Pedro del Castillo, my grandfather was direct descendent by straight line of the Rulers and principals of the town of Azcapozalco, and by the maternal side descendent of Spanish…) Followed by a list of witnesses (8) that serve for the purpose of proving the claim of Nobility, that they know Miguel del Castillo, and his fathers and grandfathers, and that he is in fact descendent of them.After the witness’s pages, the claim is sustained with a reproduction of family documents:2) Patent of Nobility of Juan García del Castillo (Uncle of Pedro del Castillo – grandfather of Miguel del Castillo)Made in the City of Mexico in 1693 by petition of Juan García del Castillo, Ruler of the town of Azcapozalco inhabited by Tepaneca indias. This patent of Nobility of Juan García del Castillo, contains a list of witnesses as well.Juan garcía del Castillo states:“Natural de Don Matheo del Castillo Moctezuma y de Doña Cathalina Juana García, Caciques y principales en este pueblo… Don Matheo del Castillo Moctezuma fue hijo legitimo de Don Juan Martín del Castillo y de Doña María Salome Sosomacoal Moctezuma, que fue hija de Don Diego Sosomacoal Moctezuma sobrino que fue del Emperador Moctezuma. Constante su matrimonio tuvieron por tal su hijo legitimo a Don Matheo del Castillo, mi padre, y a Don Pedro del Castillo Moctezuma… Caciques del pueblo de Azcapozalco”(Son Of Don Matheo del Castillo Moctezuma and Cathalina Juana Garcia, Rulers of the town of Azcapozalco… Matheo del Castillo Moctezuma was legitimate son of Juan Martin del Castillo and Maria Salome Sosomacoal Moctezuma, daughter of Diego Sosomacoal Moctezuma nepew of the Emperor Moctezuma. Juan Martin del Castillo and Maria Salome Sosomacial Moctezuma had as their legitimate sons: Pedro del Castillo and Juan Garcia del Castillo…)3) Patent of Nobility of Antonio Mendoza Moctezuma (third degree cousin of Juan García del Castillo –brother of Pedro del Castillo – grandfather of Miguel Castillo)Made in Mexico City 1676 by petition of Antonio Mendoza Moctezuma. This patent of Nobility of Antonio Mendoza Moctezuma, contains a list of witnesses as well.4) Mexican Codex presented by Gabriel García Guecameca (father of Antonio Mendoza Moctezuma).The Codex is translated from Nahuatl to Spanish. Presented in the City of Mexico in 1647. The Codex is about the genealogy and history of his family in times before of the Conquest (“en tiempos de la gentilidad”).The Codex is about the Conquest of the lands inhabited by Chichimeca the Indians by the Rulers of the City of Mexico, and specifically about his ancestors. It serves as evidence for the purpose of proving the family’s royal lineage.Referring to his ancestors shown in the codex, he states that:“Por la Notoria sangre de sus nacimientos, es muy cierta que algunos de estos guerreros vinieron a reinar por línea recta de herencia teniendo como tenían derecho al reyno después consiguieron y reynaron en la ciudad de Texcoco y Ciudad de Mexico como fue Moctezuma que fuel el quinto rey de Mexico, Netzahualcoyotl que lo fue de Texcococ…. Los descendientes de estas casas son únicos herederos de estos privilegios, tierras, cacicazgos y señoríos….”(By the notorious blood of their births, it is very true that his warriors came to rule by straight line of inheritance having, as they have, the right to the Kingdom, they ruled the City of Texcoco and the City of Mexico; as Moctezuma, who was the 5th King of Mexico, and Nezahualcoyotl was from Texcoco…the descendants of this House are the only heirs of this privileges, lands, chiefdoms and lordships…”A Transcription of the Codex is also included, than is dedicated to the campaigns of Conquest of the Rulers of the City of Mexico.This part of the document by Gabriel García Guecameca is of special interest for the amount of details of the pre-conquest rulers, families and battles provided.5) DecreeofTributeexemptionfortheFamilyDecree dated 1589, in which it states that all the members of the family are exempt of paying tributes in the New Spain for being descendants in straight line of Moctezuma:“…No han pagado el tributo ni hecho el servicio personal por ser como son principales hijos, nietos, sobrinos y primos hermanos descendientes por línea recta del Rey Moctezuma”(They haven ́t paid the tribute nor made personal service for being foremost sons, grandsons, nephews, cousins descendant by straight line of the King Moctezuma)In a following document the “Presidente y oidores de la Audiencia Real de la Nueva España” confirms the tribute exemption, with permision of the Viceroys and Governors of the New Spain.6) Patent of a Coat of Arms presented by Antonio Valeriano Moctezuma ( Grandson of the son of Sosomacoal, brother of Moctezuma- great ancestor of Miguel Castillo) and full-page illustrated Coat of ArmsPresented by Antonio Valeriano Moctezuma in the City Of Mexico in 1620.He presents a royal grant of a Coat of Arms given by the King of Spain Carlos V in 1536 to his great grandfather son of the brother of Moctezuma (Sosomacoal) and to his brother Diego Sosomacoal Moctezuma (great ancestor of Miguel Castillo) for their services in the conquest of the New Spain.It includes the copy of the Royal Decree:(Carlos V): “…Francisco Yndio natural de la Nueva España hijo de Sosomacoal hermano de Moctezuma…vuestro padre fue uno de los principales de la Ciudad de México, en que vos e Don Diego (Diego Sosomacoal Moctezuma) vuestro hermano nos servisteis en la  
conquista y pacificación de la Nueva España. Y que ahora vos habéis venido personalmente a esta nuestra Corte a nos besar las manos como a vuestros reyes y señores….por vuestros servicios y de vuestro hermano mandásemos dar por armas un escudo…”(Francisco Yndio from the New Spain, son of Sosomacoal, brother of Moctezuma… your father was a Chief of the City of Mexico, in which you and Don Diego (Diego Sosomacoal Moctezuma) your brother have served us in the conquest and pacification of the New Spain. And now, you have come personally to our Court to kiss our hands as your Kings and Lords… for your services and your brother ́s we are giving you this Coat of Arms…)The Coat of Arms given by the King is illustrated in the adjacent page, just as described in the text. Also, in the upper part of the illustration is represented Francisco Yndio kneeling before King Carlos V.7) PatentofaCoatofArmspresentedbyAntonioMendozaMoctezuma(third degree cousin of Juan García del Castillo –brother of Pedro del Castillo – grandfather of Miguel Castillo) and full-page illustrated Coat of ArmsPresented by Antonio Mendoza Moctezuma in Mexico City in 1687. The privilege was conceded to his great grandfather Francisco Miscoal in 1585 by Felipe II.It includes the copy of the Royal Decree:(Felipe II): “Por cuanto vos Don Francisco Miscoal Yndio me habeis hecho relación que sois cacique e Indio principal de la provincia de Jilotepec de la Nueva España e hijo legítimo de Don Pedro Miscoal descendiente de la Casa del Emperador Moctezuma… y me sirvió lealmente a pacificar y poner debajo de mi dominio la dicha Nueva España…mandase daros un escudo…”(For you, Francisco Miscoal Yndio, have proved me that you are Chief and Principal Indian of the province of Jilotepec in the New Spain and legitimate son of Pedro Miscoal descendent of the House of the Emperor Moctezuma… Pedro Miscoal served me loyally to pacify and put under my domain the New Spain… I ́m giving you this Coat of Arms…)The Coat of Arms given by the King is illustrated in the adjacent page, just as described in the text. Felipe II grants for coat of arms willingly Prehispanic motives, because their family where rulers long before the Spanish conquest (“Como Indio Principal en sus tiempos de gentilidad”)Also, in the upper part of the illustration is represented Francisco Miscoal Yndio kneeling before King Felipe II.