Porcelain Bowl with Dutchman
19th century Japanese porcelain bowl with depiction of a Dutchman.Dejima (Japanese: 出島?, “exit island”), in old Western documents latinized as ‘Decima’, ‘Desjima’, ‘Dezima’, ‘Disma’, or ‘Disima’, was a small fan-shapedartificial island built in the bay of Nagasaki in 1634 by local merchants. This island, which was formed by digging a canal through a small peninsula, remained as the single place of direct trade and exchange between Japan and the outside world during the Edo period. Dejima was built to constrain foreign traders as part of sakoku, the self-imposed isolationist policy. Originally built to house Portuguese traders, it was used by the Dutch as a trading post from 1641 until 1853. Covering an area of 120 m × 75 m (9000 m2, or 0.9 hectares), it later was integrated into the city.
In 1639, the last Portuguese were expelled from Japan. Dejima had become a failed investment and without the annual trading with Portuguese ships from Macau, the economy of Nagasaki suffered greatly. Thanks to their restrained but versatile policies and to their hostility to Spain and Portugal – which had both a religious and a political basis – the Dutch alone succeeded in being exempted from expulsion, but they were forced by government officials to move from Hirado to Dejima.
From 1641 on, only Chinese and Dutch ships were allowed to come to Japan, and Nagasaki harbor was the only harbor to which their entry was permitted.Bowl measures 3 3/4 inches across and 2 1/2 inches high.The Dutchman designs appears in four places around the bowl.Early repairs with 2 silver metal pieces.