TYPE: Book
DIMENSIONS: 7 1/2" X 10 1/2" in. (3" thick)
COMPONENTS: one book; 866 pages, all present; steel-engraved frontispiece view of Havana Harbor; several full-page tinted & woodcut illustrations
CONDITION: GOOD CONDITION! for its age and especially to be 153 YEARS OLD!!! ALL PAGES ARE PRESENT!!! and tightly bound with NO TEARS!!! or any markings, other than a previous owner's name inscribed on the back of the decorated front free endpaper. Its most notable flaw is the hinges have been neatly repaired with book binders tape to provide many more years of service. There is also some expected foxing/staining for an antiquarian book of this age.
ITEM ID: 515

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The History of the Slave Trade

DATE
Year: 1860
Decade: 1860s
Century: 19th (1801-1900)

An original 1860 edition of “The History of the Slavery and the Slave Trade,” compiled from authentic materials by W. O. Blake. It contains the history of slavery, both ancient and modern, as well as the forms of slavery that prevailed in nations such as Greece and Rome, the African slave trade, and the political history of slavery in the United States, with the many aspects of slavery from the Civil War era. It also contains statistical tables of populations from the Census of 1850, plus a 10-page appendix covering the Dred Scott case and decision, with a steel-engraved frontispiece view of Havana Harbor plus several full-page tinted and woodcut illustrations. The chapters include the following subject headings: History of Slavery in the North American Colonies; Political History of Slavery in the United States; Slavery Under the Confederation; Formation of the Constitution – Slavery Compromises; Repeal of the Missouri Compromise; History of the Troubles in Kansas.The first slaves used by Europeans in what later became United States territory were among Lucas Vásquez de Ayllón’s colonization attempt of North Carolina in 1526. The attempt was a failure, lasting only one year; the slaves revolted and fled into the wilderness to live among the Cofitachiqui Indians. The first historically significant slave in what would become the United States was Estevanico, a Moroccan slave and member of the Narváez expedition in 1528 and acted as a guide on Fray Marcos de Niza’s expedition to find the Seven Cities of Gold in 1539. In 1619 twenty Africans were brought by a Dutch soldier and sold to the English colony of Jamestown, Virginia as indentured servants. It is possible that Africans were brought to Virginia prior to this, both because neither John Rolfe our source on the 1619 shipment nor any contemporary of his ever says that this was the first contingent of Africans to come to Virginia and because the 1625 Virginia census lists one black as coming on a ship that appears to only have landed people in Virginia prior to 1619. The transformation from indentured servitude to racial slavery happened gradually. It was not until 1661 that a reference to slavery entered into Virginia law, directed at Caucasian servants who ran away with a black servant. It was not until the Slave Codes of 1705 that the status of African Americans as slaves would be sealed. This status would last for another 160 years, until after the end of the American Civil War with the ratification of the 13th Amendment in December 1865. Only a fraction of the enslaved Africans brought to the New World ended up in British North America. The vast majority of slaves shipped across the Atlantic were sent to the Caribbean sugar colonies, Brazil, or Spanish America. Approximately one Southern family in four held slaves prior to war. According to the 1860 U.S. census, about 385,000 individuals owned one or more slaves. 95% of blacks lived in the South, comprising one third of the population there as opposed to 1% of the population of the North. Consequently, fears of eventual emancipation were much greater in the South than in the North. In the heated election of 1860, the Republicans swept Abraham Lincoln into the Presidency (with only 39.8% of the popular vote) and legislators into Congress. Lincoln however, did not appear on the ballots in most southern states and his election split the nation along sectional lines. After decades of controlling the Federal Government, several of the southern states declared they had seceded from the U.S. (the Union) in an attempt to form the Confederate States of America. Northern leaders like Lincoln viewed the prospect of a new Southern nation, with control over the Mississippi River and the West, as unacceptable. This led to the outbreak of the Civil War, which spelled the end for chattel slavery in America. However, in August 1862, Lincoln wrote to editor Horace Greeley that despite his own moral objection to slavery, the objective of the war was to save the Union and not either to save or to destroy slavery. He went on to say that if he could save the Union without freeing a single slave, or by freeing all the slaves, or by freeing only some of the slaves, he would do it. Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 was a reluctant gesture, that proclaimed freedom for slaves within the Confederacy, although not those in strategically important border states or the rest of the Union. However, the proclamation made the abolition of slavery an official war goal and it was implemented as the Union captured territory from the Confederacy. Slaves in many parts of the south were freed by Union armies or when they simply left their former owners. Many joined the Union Army as workers or troops, and many more fled to cities in the north. Illegally, slaves within the United States remained enslaved until the final ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution on December 6, 1865; eight months after the cessation of hostilities. Only in the Border state of Kentucky did a significant slave population remain by that time.

ARTISTS
Name: W.O. Blake
Type: Author